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A different landscape: toward a novel approach to sedentarization processes in arid and Semi-arid environments
 
 
 
 

A different landscape: toward a novel approach to sedentarization processes in arid and Semi-arid environments

 
Dr. Emir Galilee
 
Ben Gurion Institute for the study of Israel and Zionism, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
 
 

Rent landscape: toward a novel approach to sedentarization processes in arid and Semi-arid environments

Between the end of the 19th century and the mid-20th century the region of the Negev has gone thru long and consistent change. The change was a combination of the utilizations of natural resources and economical patterns, social structure, believes and culture. The cultural landscape of the region characterized in patterns of nomads in process of sedentarization.

Most of the scholars of nomadic societies in the world, especially in the Negev dealt with sedentarization processes as a forced/orchestrated, "Top-own" process made by the central regime. Scholars who come from different perspectives focused on the orchestrated aspects the process (Yiftahel 2008 Yahel 2019 Shmuely and Khamaisi 2011).

These researches mainly ignored the internal changes within the nomadic society itself. In 1980 Salzman and Sadala has identified different processes of sedentarisation among nomads. Part of this processes are internal changes within the societies themselves and not just forced or responses to the act of the central government.

In this presentation, based on fieldwork among the Negev Bedouins in the past two decades, I want to present a novel approach to the sedentarization process of the Negev Bedouins. I would like to present the "bottom up" processes rely on the internal changes of the Bedouin society itself.

My presentation will analyses the gradient of aridity of the Negev in a cultural perspective, material culture, utilization of natural resources, the characterization and evolution of buildings, and the tension and corporation between pasturing and agriculture in the arid and semi-arid areas of the Negev (Galilee 2019).

The Full Presentation