Program DDD 2017

 
 
 
 
 

6 November, 2017

 
O9:00-09:30 Opening and Greeting
 
George Evens Family Auditorium
 
Chair of Conference
Prof. Boris Zaltzman, Director BIDR, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Prof. Zvi Hacohen, Rector, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev,
HE Mr. Gianluigi Benedetti, Ambassador of Italy
H.E. Mr. Koji Tomita, Ambassador of Japan
Ms. Monique Barbut, Secretary General UNCCD (video)
 
O9:30-09:50 A tribute to Prof. Safriel on his 80th birthday and his contribution to the UNCCD
 
Prof. Boris Zaltzman, Director, BIDR, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Luc Gnacadja (former Secretary General UNCCD)
Alon Bar, Deputy Director General for the UN and International Organizations (ARBEL), Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Israel
 
O9:50-10:30 Plenary Presentation
 
Prof. Rattan Lal, Distinguished Professor, Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, The Ohio State University, USA
Carbon Sequestration by Combating Desertification in Global Drylands
 
Session 11:00-13:00
 
Animal distribution, abundance and interactions in drylands and in response to desertification
Conveners: Michal Segoli
George Evens Family Auditorium (Building # 19)
 
Chris R. Dickman, Aaron C. Greenville and Glenda M. Wardle
Desert Ecology Research Group, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Predicting animal responses to desertification

Klaus Birkhofer, Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg, Brandenburg, GermanyDirect and indirect climate effects on trophic and behavioural interactions in desert-living spiders
Jonathan Tichon, Idan Goodman, Gila Kahila Bar-Gal, David Saltz and Shirli Bar-DavidBlaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the NegevPopulation structure and space use patterns of the Nubian ibex in Israel's Deserts: from coarse to fine scales
Gad Perry1, Robin Verble1, Anna Meyer1, Rachel Granberg21Tech University,2United States Forest Service TexasDo Texas horned lizard home range size and demography vary in response to land management and ant prey abundance in drought-impacted arid grasslands of the southwestern United States?
Michal Zaitove-Raz1, Tamar Dayan1,2, Yoav Motro31School of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, 2The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History, Tel Aviv University, 3Plant Protection and Inspection Services, Israel Ministry of Agriculture and Rural DevelopmentBiological control and rodent conservation in the Northwestern Negev.
 
Soil component of regional and global climate models
Conveners: Naftali Lazarovitch and Golan Bel
Seminar Room (Building # 9)
 
Stephen Sitch, University of Exeter, UKDrylands important for the trend and interannual variability in the global land carbon sink
Shabtai Cohen, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel.Land use change, climate and rainfall – the Israeli perspective
Yosef Ashkenazy, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, IsraelSand dune albedo feedback
Erick Fredj, Lev Institute, Jerusalem, IsraelEvaluation of radar-commercial microwave link merging methods for quantitative precipitation estimates
 
Biodeterioration and preservation of desert archeological sites
Conveners: Francesca Cappitelli and Tali Erickson-Gini
Seminar Room Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (Building # 14)
 
Francesca Cappitelli, University of Milan, Italy
Introduction

Tali Erickson-Gini, Israel Antiquities Authority"The Stone Will Cry Out From the Wall" – Hewn Stones from Classical Period Sites in the Negev Highlands
Marina Gallinaro, Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Antichità, Sapienza Università di Roma, ItalySurface biodegradation processes of artefacts, monuments and rock art: challenges and potentialities. An archaeological perspective from the Saharan region.
Federica Villa, University of Milan, ItalyLithotype and environmental conditions vs biofilms: the case study of the monumental cemetery of Milan
Lior Schwimmer, Israel Nature and Parks Authority and Ben Gurion University of the NegevPatina as a tool for relative dating of rock art motifs
Nimrod Wieler, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, IsraelBiofilm development rates on rock surfaces in arid regions
 
Role and function of organic matter in dryland soils: Carbon sequestration by combating desertification
Convener: Gilboa Arye
Class Room No. 1 (Building # 48)
 
Rattan Lal, Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, Ohio State University, USA.Importance of organic matter in soils of dryland ecosystems
Yona Chen, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel .Beneficial and Potential Adverse Effects of Irrigation with Treated Wastewater
Jörg Bachmann, Institute of Soil Science, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany.Soil Carbon and Soil Functions: How Solid Interfacial Chemistry and Wettability Control Bio-Physical Processes
Asher Bar-Tal, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.Long-term effects of compost on the dynamics of soil organic carbon and nitrogen pools
Shmuel Assouline, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.Impact of irrigation with treated wastewater on soil physical and chemical properties and on biological conditions in the root zone
Guy J. Levy, Anna Lordian, Dina Goldstein and Mikhail Borisover ARO Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel.Soil structural indices association with chromophoric components in water-extractable organic matter in irrigated soils
P. Sharma1, Yael Laor2, Michael Raviv3, Shlomit Medina2, Ibrahim Saadi2, Arkady Krasnovsky2, M. Vager4, Guy J. Levy4, Asher Bar-Tal4, Mikhail Borisover41FoA Chatha, SKUAST-Jammu, Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Jammu, India; 2Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO, Ramat Yishay; 3Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, Ramat Yishay; 4Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, IsraelSoil enriched by organic amendments: insights into organic matter composition from excitation-emission fluorescence and mid-IR spectroscopies
R. Yahav Spitzer and Amit Gross, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.The use of hydrothermally treated human excretions as soil amendment
Gilboa Arye, French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.Adsorption kinetics of dissolved organic matter at the water-air interface
 
Session 14:30-16:30
 
Plant abiotic stress tolerance mechanisms for coping with arid and semi-arid environments
Conveners: Vered Tzin and Rakefet David-Schwartz
Seminar Room Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (Building # 14)
 
Herve Cochard, UMR-PIAF, INRA, Université Clermont-Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
Plant hydraulics under extreme drought

Sylvain Delzon, Researcher at INRA, Bordeaux, France, Editor in Chief of JPH, France.Aridity drove the evolution of extreme embolism resistance
Yakir Preisler, Earth and Planetary science department Weizmann institute and Plant science institute, the Faculty of Agriculture, Israel.The importance of tree internal water storage is revealed during a mortality cascade in a semiarid pine forest
Daniela Jerszurki (1), Parthasarathi Theivasigamani (1), Juliana Espada Lichston (2), Adi Yaaran (3), Menachem Moshelion (3), Naftali Lazarovitch (1), Shimon Rachmilevitch (1)(1) Wyler Department of Dryland Agriculture, French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer. (2) Department of Botany and Zoology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil;(3) The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agricultural, Food & Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.Root:shoot relations in mesophyll ABA-insensitive tomato plants
Gad Miller, Gilad, Luria1, Adina Berger1, Tirza Doniger1, Karen Schlauch2, Jeff Harper21 The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 5290002, Israel. 2 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV, USA.Induced Auxin signaling and flavonols biosynthesis in ascorbate peroxidase 2 (APX2)- deficient Arabidopsis increase pollen thermotolerance
Tamar Avin-Wittenberg, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.Autophagy as a possible mechanism for stress tolerance in plants
Gideon Grafi, French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.Lessening epigenetic constrains in the desert plant Zygophyllum dumosum Boiss
 
Self-organized vegetation patchiness: observations, modeling and model analysis
Convener: Ehud Meron
George Evens Family Auditorium (Building # 19) (14:30-16:30; 17:00-19:00)
 
Arjen Doelman, Institute of Mathematics, Leiden University, The Netherlands.
Gradual or catastrophic: desertification dynamics and interacting localized structures

Mustapha Tlidi, Department of Physics, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.Large scale patchy ecosystems may increase total biomass through a self-replication phenomenon
Pierre Couteron, IRD – UMR AMAP, Montpellier, France.Accounting for change in spatially periodic vegetation patterns along ample rainfall gradients: The wavelength issue
Moshe Shachak, SIDEER, Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University, Israel.Does a state change in drylands induces vegetation-patch modifications? A case study of LTER site Park Shaked in the Northern Negev
Maxim Shoshani, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Israel.Pattern Water Use Efficiency: modeling and assessing based on Cellular Automata simulation and shrub growth models
Prof. Nadav Shnerb, Department of Physics, Bar-Ilan University, Israel.Empirical analysis of vegetation dynamics and the possibility of a catastrophic desertification transition
Wenzhi Zhao, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.Exploring the self-organization process of sand-fixing plantation in a desert-oasis ecotone, northwestern China
Omer Tzuk, Department of Physics, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.The Role of Self-Organized Spatial Patterns in the Design of Agroforestry Systems
Sangeeta Ujjwal, Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.Oscillatory modes in vegetation models with temporal forcing
 
Soil-atmosphere exchange of greenhouse gases
Conveners: Naftali Lazarovitch and Golan Bel
Seminar Room (Building # 9)
 
Dan Yakir, Earth and Planetary Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel.
Dry-land ecosystem processes related to water, carbon and energy under anthropogenic pressure

Alon Angert, Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.The ratio of CO2 to O2 fluxes in arid versus mesic soils
Eran Tas, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.Ozone deposition over vegetation under warm and dry conditions
Ilya Gelfand, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.Effects of rewetting and available carbon on soil nitrous oxide emissions
Peter Brugger, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany.Phase differences of turbulence fluctuations over semi-arid shrubland and forest canopy
Theodor Bughici, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.Numerical weather predictions of reference evapotranspiration for irrigation optimization
 
Session 17:00-19:00
 
The environmental change-biodiversity-disease triangle: host-parasite interactions in the era of global changes in land use, temperatures, and aridity, with implications for disease risk
Convener: Hadas Hawlena
Class Room No. 1 (Building # 48)
 
Serge Morand, Faculty of Veterinary Technology, Kasetsart University , Bangkok and CNRS and CIRAD, Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, Montpellier, France
An introduction: The environmental change-biodiversity-disease triangle: host-parasite interactions in the era of global changes in land use, temperatures, and aridity, with implications for disease risk

Takuya Iwamura, Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, IsraelThe potential risk of various zoonotic disease based on phenology model under climate change

Ran Nathan1, Andrew Wolfenden1, Roni King2, Avishai Lublin3 and Wayne Getz41Movement ecology lab, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem;2Chief veterinarian, Nature and Parks Authority;3Avian Disease Unit, National Kimron Veterinary Institute, Israel. 4Department of Environmental Science, Policy & Management, University of California at Berkeley
On climate, migratory birds, and infectious diseases

Snir Halle, Mario Garrido, Tarin Paz, Zehava Siega, Yaron Ziv , Arnon Karnieli, and Hadas Hawlena
Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Swiss Institute of Dryland Environmental and Energy Research, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel.
From sand stabilization to bacterial communities in vertebrates; connecting between scales.

Cyril Caminade, Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, UK.Modeling and mapping the risk of key vector-borne diseases under climate change scenarios
 
Efficient use of water in dryland agriculture
Convener: Nurit Agam
6th November, 2017. Seminar Room (Building # 9) (17:00-19:00)
 
Norman Rosenberg, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Nebraska, USA
A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains

Henri Rueff, Universities of Basel and Bern, SwitzerlandEconomics of dryland no-till wheat supports climate change adaptation
Ingrid Hartmann, Dryres, GermanyDealing with Water and Data Scarcity: Land Use Planning for Integrated Water Management
Yael Wagner, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture; Weizmann Institute of Science, IsraelSeasonal and diurnal hydraulic dynamics in lemon and olive under drought
Indira Paudel, Agricultural Research Organization, IsraelElevated CO 2 compensates for drought effects in lemon saplings via stomatal downregulation, increased soil moisture, and increased wood carbon storage
Daniela Jerszurki, Brazil and BGU
Alternative reference evapotranspiration model applied to hourly temporal scale in Brazil
 
 
 
 
 

7th November, 2017

 
Session 08:30-10:30
 
Mechanics of granular matter
Conveners: Ido Regev, Roiy Sayag, Yosef Ashkenazy and Hezi Yizhaq
Seminar Room Goldman-Sonnenfeldt Building (Building # 24) (8:30-10:30; 11:00-13:00)
 
Yoel Forterre, Laboratoire IUSTI, CNRS, Aix Marseille University, France
Unifying Impacts in Granular Matter from Quicksand to Cornstarch

Itamar Procaccia, The Weizmann Institute of ScienceMechanical failure in amorphous solids: Scale-free spinodal criticality

Yasmine Meroz, Tel Aviv University, IsraelIntermittent Granular Dynamics at a Seismogenic Plate Boundary

Leonid Prigozhin, Ben-Gurion University, IsraelScaling in modeling sand surface evolution

Yoav G. Pollack, Weizmann Institute of Science, IsraelEmergent Many-body Interactions in Amorphous Solids

Bruno Andreotti, ESPCI Paris Tech, FranceFormation and non-linear growth of dunes

Hezi Yitshak, Ben-Gurion University, IsraelThe origin of the transverse instability of aeolian megaripples
 
Vegetation patterns and processes in dryland regions in relation to land use and climate change
Conveners: Yael Lubin
George Evens Family Auditorium (Building # 19)
 
Francisco Pugnaire, Estacion Experimental de Zonas Aridas, Almeria, Spain
Plant-soil interactions and plant community dynamics

Tarin Paz-Kagan1, Philip Brodrick2, Nicholas R. Vaughn2, Adrian J. Das3, Nathan L. Stephenson3, Koren R. Nydick 4, and Gregory P. Asner21 Department of sensing, information and mechanization engineering, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Center, Israel;2Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, CA; 3U.S. Geological Survey, Western Ecological Research Center;4Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, USA
What mediates tree mortality during drought in the southern Sierra Nevada?

Joh R. Henschel1*, Theo. D. Wassenaar2, Keir Soderberg3
1: South African Environmental Observation Network, Arid Lands Node, P.O.Box 11040, Hadison Park 8306, Kimberley, South Africa.;2: Gobabeb Research and Training Centre, P.O.Box 953, Walvis Bay, Namibia; 3: Princeton University, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton, NJ, USA.
What can roots tell us about desert ecohydrology? A closer look at long-lived Welwitschia mirabilis

Moran Segoli, Ramat Negev Desert Agro-Research Center & Southern Research and Development Center, Israel
The limiting effect of water and nitrogen on pasture yields in the grazing lands of northern Australia

Ilan Stavi, Hezi Yizhaq, Amgad Hijazen, Reut Berger-Tal, Shimon Rachmilevitch, Golan BelDead Sea and Arava Science Center, Israel
Geodiversity decreases shrub mortality and increases ecosystem durability to prolonged droughts and climate change

Liang Chen, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Modeling and analysis of the potential impacts on regional climate due to vegetation degradation over arid and semi-arid regions of China
 
Urban form of dryland cities - mitigating effects of climate change and environmental degradation
Convener: Evyatar Erell and David Pearlmutter
Seminar Room (Building # 9)
 
Gerald Mills, School of Geography, University College, Dublin
Urban climatology: current status and prospects

Shai Kaplan, Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental and Energy Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Surface', 'Satellite' or 'Simulation': mapping intra-urban microclimate variability

Hadas Saaroni, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Climatic Stress Index as a tool for synoptic classification of the summer season

Adi Vulkan, Dept. of Geography and Environmental Planning, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Modelling the potential for PV installation in residential buildings in dense urban areas
 
Desert soil crusts: current and future roles in desert ecosystems
Convener: Ali Nejidat and Jayne Belnap
Class Room No. 1 (Building # 48)
 
Jayne Belnap and YuanMing ZhangU.S. Geological Survey, Southwest Biological Science Center, U.S.A; Key Laboratory of Biogeography and Bioresource in Arid Land, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Urumqi, PR China
Assembly rules and patterns in dryland vascular plant communities: biological soil crusts can play an influential role

Roberto De Philippis, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy
New insights on the structure and the role of the exopolysaccharidic matrix in biocrusts

Barger, N.N. 1, Faist, A.2, Antoninka A.J.3, Giraldo Silva, A.4, Velasco Ayuso, S.4, Bowker, M.A.3, Reed, S.C.5, Duniway, M.5, Garcia-Pichel, F. 4, Belnap, J. 5
1Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80305 USA;2Animal and Range Sciences, New Mexico State University ;3School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 USA;4School of Forestry, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona;5Canyonlands Research Station, US Geological Survey, Moab, Utah SA
Biocrust inoculum development and soil stabilization strategies to promote biocrust restoration

aZaady Eli, bUngar Eugene D., aShuker ShimshonDepartment of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, 85280 Negev;bDepartment of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Research Center, Israel;
Biological soil crust restoration; A case study from the northern Negev Desert

Nadav Oren1, Hagai Raanan1,2, Omer Murik1, Nir Keren1 and Aaron Kaplan11Plant and Environmental Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
2Present address: Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Program, Institute of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Rutgers University, USA
Dawn illumination serves as a signal preparing desert cyanobacteria towards forthcoming dehydration

Sonia Chamizo, Department of Agrifood Production and Environmental Sciences (DISPAA), University of Florence, Firenze, Italy.
Increasing soil stability and fertility through cyanobacteria inoculation to combat land degradation processes in drylands
 
NGOs for water: activities in rural communities
Convener: Noam Weisbrod and Ornit Avidar
Seminar Room Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (Building # 14) (8:30-10:30; 17:00-19:00)
 
Ornit Avidar, African Division, Politics and Government Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.
Analysis of Access to Clean Water in Rural Siaya, Kenya
Naomi Caplan and Michal Bruck, NALA- NTD Advocacy, Learning, Action , Israel
Toward the Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) in Ethiopia: ngaging the community in behavioral change education and WASH improvements

Sivan Yaari, Innovation Africa, IsraelUnleashing Africa's Water Using Israeli Technology
Avihai Ilan, Kibbutz Rosh Hanikra, Israel
Mini nursery: a water saving solution for the production of quality vegetable plants by smallholder farmers

Clive Lipchin, Arava Institute for Environmental Studies, Israel
Solutions for Off Grid Food-Energy-Water (FEW) Needs in Arid Lands

Isabel Portugal, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel.
Women Empowerment in Sustainable Agriculture and Biotechnology for Dryland Systems (WESAB) Project

Naama Raz-Yaseef, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, USA, and Muonde Trust
Pump it Up for the Community Gardens of the Women of Zimbabwe

Angela Moreno, National Institute of Agrarian Research and Development, Cabo Verde
Improving the use fo Drip Irrigation Systems in an Arid Climate: Challenges and Solutions for Water - Over-Use by Smallholder Farmers in Cabo Verde

Haberfeld Alon, Fair Planet, IsraelBridging the seed gap.
Isabel Portugal, Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Women Empowerment in Sustainable Agriculture and Biotechnology for Dryland Systems (WESAB) Project
 
Session 11:00-13:00
 
Vegetation Patterns and Animal Distribution
Conveners: Yael Lubin and Michal Segoli
George Evens Family Auditorium (Building # 19)
 
Izak Smit1,2, Corli Wigley-Coetsee1 and Cathy Greaver1
1 Scientific Services, South African National Parks; 2 School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Lessons learned from drought – a case study from the Kruger National Park, South Africa

Omer Tzuk [1], Merav Seifan [2], Ehud Meron [1,3]Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev; Marco and Louise Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, SIDEER, BIDR, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev; Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, SIDEER, BIDR, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Precipitation and seasonality regulate plant ecohydrological strategies along climatic gradients

Uri Roll et al., University of Oxford, England and Ben-Gurion University, IsraelReptiles illuminate deserts and drylands as a missing component of global conservation priority schemes
Dror Hawlena and Gideon SzametRisk-Management Ecology Lab, Department of Ecology, Evolution & Behavior, The Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Predation regulates Nitrogen cycling in a desert ecosystem

Itamar Giladi1, Gilad Ben Zvi1, Nataly Levine1, Marie Konečná2 and Merav Seifan11Marco and Louise Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental and Energy Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel; 2Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, ČeskéBudějovice, The Czech Republic
Deserted in the desert – mismatch in local distributions of a plant and its seed disperser in desert populations.

Osvaldo Sala, Laureano GherardiGlobal Drylands Center, Arizona State University, USA
Effects of climate change on ecosystems through directional changes in amount and variability of precipitation
 
Water flow and heat transport in dryland soils: modeling and measurements
Conveners: Naftali Lazarovitch and Golan Bel
Class Room No. 1 (Building # 48)
 
Wolfgang Durner, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Institute of Geoecology, Soil Science and Soil Physics, Germany.
The contribution of capillary, film, and vapor flow to water transport in soil: Model conceptualization, parametrization, and application

Dani Or, Dept. Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
Surface evaporative capacitance – soil type and rainfall characteristics used to bound soil evaporation estimates

Gerrit H. de Rooij, Soil Physics Department, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research GmbH – UFZ, Germany.
Simulating groundwater recharge in deep vadose zones: effects of climate and the importance of the soil hydraulic parameterization

Shmuel Assouline, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel.
Impact of ambient conditions on evaporation from porous media

Alex Furman, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Israel.
Hydraulic properties of unsaturated biofilm-affected soils
 
Multi-Source land imaging for studying desertification and land degradation
Conveners: Garik Gutman and Arnon Karnieli
Seminar Room (Building # 9)
 
Jiaguo Qi1, Steven Pueppke2 and Xi Chen3Center for Global Change and Earth Observations, Michigan State University, East Lansing;Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing,USA;Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, China
Multi-source remote sensing for water-energy-food nexus of Ili-Balkhash basin

Ben DeVries, Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, USAWhen the well runs dry: Monitoring surface water dynamics in drylands using virtual constellations of Earth Observation satellites
Jisung Chang, Technion, Israel
Synergetic effect of radar polarization properties and ecological pattern properties in desert fringe ecosystems

Son Nghiem, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, USAMulti-Sourced Land Imaging of 3D Urbanization in Dryland Environments
Mutlu Ozdogan, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Quantifying the changes in Syrian agriculture associated with drought and conflict using multi-source remote sensing

Alan Grainger, University of Leeds, UK
Multi-Source Options for Monitoring Desertification

Hanna Huryna, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Sharpening land surface temperature over vineyards using Sentinel platforms
 
Assessing emerging health risks in water: Drylands and beyond
Conveners: Jacob Moran-Gilad and Osnat Gillor
Seminar Room Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (Building # 14)
 
Jacob Moran-Gilad, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Introduction

Ruth Herschberg, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology.
Adaptation to Prolonged Resource Exhaustion and the Antibiotic-Independent Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance

Kornelia Smalla, Julius Kühn-Institut, Braunschweig, Germany.
The transferable resistome in environmental bacteria – implication for dessert agriculture

Nadav Davidovich, Ben Gurion University of the Negev.
From Anti-Microbial Resistance to Access to Water: Public Health, Water Policies and Health Equity in Israel

Oded Swade, Mekorot Israel National Water Carrier.
Microbial Water Quality in Israel and in Mekorot

Zubaida Ezery .Ben Gurion University of the Negev.
Inadequate Wastewater Infrastructure's Effect on the Health and Environmental the Bedouin Population in the Negev
 
Session 14:30-16:30
 
Native and non-native trees in dryland afforestation
Convener: Orna Reisman-Berman
George Evens Family Auditorium (Building # 19) (14:30-16:30; 17:00-19:00)
 
Eric Higgs, Department of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.
Novel and Designed Ecosystems.

Tal Alon-Mozes, Technion, Israel
The cultural significance of the discourse on plant origins Natives and Non-native species in the designed landscapes of Israel.

Orna Reisman-Berman. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
A conceptual Framework for Dryland Afforestation: Increasing Ecosystem Services with Maintaining Ecosystem Integrity

Yannai Zausmer. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, IsraelTesting Invasiveness and Invisibility Potentials in Ziziphus Species. Candidates for Dryland Afforestation.
Tamar Keasar, University of Haifa – Oranim, IsraelFlowering phenology and pollinator visits in Ziziphus spina-christi, a desert forest tree
Giovanni G. Vendramin, Institute of Biosciences and BioResources, National Research Council, ItalyMolecular markers, population genomics and adaptation to climate changes of forest tree species
José Grünzweig. Agriculture Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Israel
Ecosystem process in Native and non-Native Forests
Tamir Klein, Weizmann Institute of Science, IsraelCambial growth in hyper-arid acacia coincides with the hot, dry summer
Hagar Fox, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
Transcriptome and hormone profiling coupled with physiological response during drought stress and recovery in Pinus halepensis

George Ogendi.University, Egerton, Kenya
Rangeland Rehabilitation Using Natural Regeneration and Dryland Afforestation Techniques at Chemeron, Baringo County,

Stefan Leu, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Local and global implications of forestation mediated ecosystem restoration in
degraded arid farmland
 
On-site sanitation, wastewater treatment and reuse
Convener: Amit Gross
Seminar Room Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (Building # 14)
 
Claire Quinn, Natural Resources Management, Deputy Director, University of Leeds
Knowledge and framework perspectives for uptake of agricultural innovation: agro-waste operations in dryland systems

Eran Friedler, Technion, Israel
On-site sanitation, opportunities, risks and interactions with existing infrastructure

Peter van der Steen, Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Technology, The Netherlands
Photo-Activated Sludge: efficient wastewater treatment and resource recovery in relatively simple photo-bioreactors

Nader Al Khatib, WEDO, Palestinian Authority
Wastewater Status in Palestine

Yoram Gerchman, Samer Kalbouneh, Abeer Albalawneh, Hassan Azaizeh,
Oranim College and University of Haifa, BERC, PA; NCARE, Jordan; The Galilee Society and Tel Hay College, Israel
Combining constructed wetlands with low-cost UV systems for efficient water reuse

Yuval Alfiya, Friedler Eran, Gilboa Yael, Cheruti Uta, Dubowski Yael., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Technion, Israel.
Removal of emerging micropollutants from greywater using vacuum-UV/UV-C flow-through photoreactor – Triclosan as a case study
 
Remote sensing: tools and implications in dryland
Convener: Arnon Karnieli
Seminar Room (Building # 9) (14:30-16:30. 17:00-19:00)
 
Jisung Chang, Technion, Israel
Polarimetric Radar Parameters for Ecological Pattern Properties in Desert Fringe Ecosystems

Chana Sara Ivgi, Temple University, USAQuantifying changes in connecting along a shrub-grass ecotone using LiDAR: Implications for desertification control

Sinkyu Kang, Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University, South KoreaRegional factors of climate-induced massive livestock loss (Dzud) in nomadic pasture landscapes of Mongolia: a satellite-based assessment

Hannelore Kusserow, Freie Universitaet Berlin, GermanyDesertification and Re-greening in the African Sahel – A matter of the observation period?

Tarin Paz-Kagan, Agricultural Research Organization, IsraelLandscape-scale Variation in Canopy Water Content of Giant Sequoias during Drought

Offer Rozenstein, Agricultural Research Organization, IsraelDiurnal Emissivity Dynamics in Active Sand Dunes vs. Dunes Stabilized by Biocrust

Micha Silver, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, IsraelVegetation damage after the Ashalim dam breach: a remote sensing approach

Shahar Weksler, Tel Aviv University, IsraelMapping quartz content of soil surface using airborne hyperspectral remote sensing in the longwave-infrared region

Silas Osinde, The Directorate of Resources Surveys and Remote Sensing, KenyaParticipatory Three Dimensional Mapping (P3DM) Modeling as a tool for biodiversity monitoring: Application of Indigenous Knowledge and GIS Technology
 
Fairy circles as a self-organization phenomenon
Convener: Ehud Meron
Seminar Room Goldman-Sonnenfeldt Building (Building # 24) (14:30-16:30; 17:00-19:00)
 
Yuval Zelnik, Centre for Biodiversity Theory and Modelling, CNRS – Theoretical and Experimental Ecology Station, France
Gradual Regime Shifts in Namibian Fairy Circles

Nichole Barger, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado Boulder, USAThe role of soil resources and wildlife grazing in the maintenance of fairy circles

Mike Cramer, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, South AfricaThe role of aeolian processes in generating landscape nutrient heterogeneity associated with long-term vegetation patterning

Stephan Getzin, Department of Ecosystem Modelling, University of Goettingen, GermanySelf-organized fairy circles versus common termite circles: the differences in spatial patterns matter!

Sujith Ravi, Temple University, Philadelphia USAOn the ecohydrologic interactions within “fairy circles" in the Namib Desert

Efrat Sheffer, The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Hebew University, IsraelCauses and consequences of multi-scale regular vegetation patterns in drylands

Olfa Jaibi, Institute of Mathematics, Leiden University, The NetherlandsMathematical Tales of Fairy Circles

Valaire Yatat, Cameroon, Department of Mathematics, University of Yaounde, CameroonModelling boundary dynamics in vegetation mosaics experiencing fire events as travelling waves
 
Practice and theory of combating desertification in rural areas
Convener: David Mutekanga and Wanjira Matthai
Class Room No. 1 (Building # 48)
 
David Mutekanga, African Rural University, Uganda
The practice of the three masteries: creative processes, systems thinking and sustainable development based on the visionary approach in leaving in rural drylands: the case of Kagadi District, Uganda.

Wanjira Mathai, wPower Project, KenyaLandscape Restoration and Renewable Household Energy

Jane M. Mutune, University of Nairobi, KenyaSocial-Economic Dimensions of Kenyan Smallholder Based Agriculture and Food Security: Gender and Generational Aspects of Sustainable Intensification
Tefera Mengistu Woldie, National Coordinator, Forest Sector Development Program, UNDP/Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change of Ethiopia

Basit Afzal, Sher-E Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Faculty of Horticulture, Division of Agricultural Engineering, India
How to turn adverse desert conditions to conditions for abundance:
Artificial glacier formation as sustainable solution for water provision in cold arid regions

Wisam Sedawi, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, IsraelPlace-based environmental education through the scientific observation of birds: reflections from a Bedouin student's perspective.
 
Session 17:00-19:00
 
Plant nutrition under abiotic stress
Conveners: Uri Yermiyahu and Ran Erel
Class Room No. 1 (Building # 48)
 
1,2Philip J. White, 3Martin R. Broadley, 4Hamed A. El-Serehy, 1Timothy S. George, 1,3Konrad Neugebauer1Ecological Science Group, The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee UK; 2Distinguished Scientist Fellowship Program, King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia; 3Plant and Crop Sciences Division, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, UK; 4Zoology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
Effects of Drought and Salinity on the Functional Ionome of Plants

Asher Bar-Tal*1, Beeri Kanner1,2, Daniel Kurtzman1, Escain Kiwonde1,2, Krishna Kumar Choudhary1,3, Ido Nitsan11 Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO);2 The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Food Agriculture and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot;3 Centre for Plant Sciences, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, Punjab, India
Does Chloride Concentration Influence Plant Response to Nitrogen Fertilization

Erel R1,2., A. Dag1, A. Schwartz2, A. Ben-Gal1, U. Yermiyahu1
1Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center; 2Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, ISRAEL.
Potassium and sodium levels mitigates photoinhibition by increasing carbon assimilation and respiration

Moshe Halpern12, Uri Yermiyahu1, Asher Bar-Tal3, Nitsan Lugassi4, Aiman Egbaria4, David Granot4.
1 Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel,2 Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot,,3 Department of Soil Chemistry, Plant Nutrition and Microbiology, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences; 4Department of Vegetable Research, Institute of Plant Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Rishon LeZion, Israel
The role of limited N uptake and assimilation in photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2 in tomato plants

Hagai Yasour and Dan Hamus Cohen, Agricultural Research Organization, Israel
Plant nutrition as a tool for improving vegetable crops performance under heat stress conditions

Nirit Bernstein, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Israel
Environmental and nutrition effects on production and secondary metabolite profile in medical cannabis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

8th November, 2017

 
Session 08:30-10:30
 
Vineyard-environment interactions
Conveners: Nurit Agam
Seminar Room (Building # 9)
 
William P. Kustas, USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Lab, USA
The Grape Remote sensing Atmospheric Profile and Evapotranspiration eXperiment (GRAPEX): A Multidisciplinary Project to Develop a Robust Remote Sensing-based ET Modeling Tool for Vineyards

Lawrence E. Hipps1, Sebastian Los1, John Prueger2, William Kustas3 and Joseph Alfieri31Utah State University, Utah, USA, 2National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment, Agricultural Research Services, US Dept. Agric., IA, USA , ,3Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, Agricultural Research Services, US Dept. Agric., MD, USA
Intermittency of Water Vapor Exchanges and Their Connection to ET and Microclimate in Irrigated Vineyards

Guido D'Urso, Department of Agriculture, University of Naples Federico II, ItalyWater status monitoring of vineyards by means of soil water and surface energy balance

Paolo Sivilotti, University of Udine, Italy
Fruit-zone microclimate manipulation: decoupling maturations in red and white grapevine varieties
 
Challenges and early lessons in implementing land degradation neutrality in Africa and worldwide
Conveners: Luc Gnacadja and Alan Grainger
George Evens Family Auditorium (Building # 19)
 
Liesl Wiese, Land and Water Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Italy
Building on success stories to achieve LDN

Magda Lovei, Practice Manager, Africa, Environment & Natural Resources, Global Practice II, World Bank Group
Development on Drylands: Challenges, Opportunities and Responses by the World Bank

Alan Grainger, School of Geography, Leeds University, UK
Conceptualizing Land Degradation Neutrality: Building on the State of the Art in Land Change Science

Lindsay Stringer, University of Leeds, UK
A new dryland development paradigm to advance land degradation neutrality, grounded in empirical analysis of dryland systems science

Martin Dallimer, University of Leeds, UK
A triage approach to achieving land degradation neutrality

Alexander Erlewein, German International Cooperation (GIZ).
Implementing Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN): from global target to local action
 
Session 11:00-13:00
 
Viticulture practices in relation to climate
Conveners: Naftali Lazarovitch
Seminar Room (Building # 9)
 
Hochberg U1, Windt CW2, Ponomarenko A1, Zhang YJ1, Gersony J1, Rockwell FE1 and Holbrook NM1
1Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University
2Institute of Bio- and Geosciences, IBG-2: Plant Sciences, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
Using visualization techniques to explore the time scale of xylem embolism under drought

Claudio Lovisolo, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy.
Scion x rootstock interaction controls grapevine adaptation to drought stress

Yishai Netzer1,2Yair Hayat1,2, Sarel Munitz1,2, Dror Dotan1,2, and Amnon Schwartz2
1Eastern Region Research and Development Center; 2The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food & Environment, Israel.
Drought stress influences on physiology, xylem anatomy and wine quality parameters.

Hodaya Brauner2, Oshrit Rahimi1, Elyashiv Drori1Eastern R&D Center, Ariel;2Ariel University, Ariel, Israel.
Geographic distribution of Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris in Israel and the connection to water availability and soil salinity

Michal Ackerman, Tavor Winery, Israel
Challenges of Israeli wineries
 
Land Degradation Neutrality: From Concept to Implementation
Conveners: Pam Chasek and Barron J. Orr
George Evens Family Auditorium (Building # 19)
 
Uriel Safriel, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
A brief history of the LDN process

Barron J. Orr, Lead Scientist, UNCCD
Learning by doing: Framing LDN scientifically and assisting countries in setting targets.

Pam Chasek, Professor, Department of Government, Manhattan College
Innovative approaches to enabling financing of LDN

Mariam Akhtar-Schuster, German Aerospace Center, Germany
Challenges and opportunities in creating an enabling policy environment for implementing LDN

Harifidy Rakoto Ratsimba, University of Antananarivo
Implementing LDN in a developing country: The experience of Madagascar

Anna Luise. ISPRA - Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale/Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research
Implementing LDN in Italy
 
Session 14:30-16:30
 
Vine molecular physiology and genetics
Convener: Aaron Fait
Seminar Room (Building # 9)
 
Zenoni S., Fasoli M., Dal Santo S., Amato A., Bertini E., Guzzo F., Tornielli GB., Pezzotti M Università degli Studi di Verona, Italy
Disclosing the Molecular Basis of the Postharvest Life of Grapevine Berry

Osvaldo Failla, Luigi Mariani
Università degli studi di Milano, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Science, Milan, Italy; Lombardy Museum of Agricultural History, Sant'Angelo Lodigiano, Italy
Viticulture and climate challenges: some progresses in research activities

Etti Or and C. Zheng, Agriculture Research Organization, Israel
ABA is a modulator of endodormancy release in grapevine buds

Silvia Carlin
1,2, Roberto Magri2, Cesare Lotti2, Urska Vrhovsek2, Fulvio Mattivi1,3*
1 Department of Food Quality and Nutrition, Research and Innovation Centre, Foundation Edmund Mach (FEM) ;2 Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Udine; 3 Center Agriculture Food Environment (CAFE), University of Trento, San Michele all'Adige, Italy
Aromatic complexity of two premium wines revealed by gas chromatography combined to olfactometry and mass spectrometry
 
Enhancing Food Security, Adaptation to Climate Change and
Combating Desertification. MASHAV – 60 Years of Sharing Israel's Knowhow
George Evens Family Auditorium (Building # 19)
 
Gil Haskel, Director MASHAV, Agency for International Development Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Introduction

Nina Lehmann, Agricultural Development Cooperation in Africa, Training Programs and Environment, CINADCO, Israel Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Agricultural Development in Africa

Moshe Broner, NevaTeam Agricultural Applications Ltd, Israel
Assimilating Modern Irrigation Technologies in Developing Regions

Uri Yermiyahu, Gilat Research Center, ARO – Israel's Agricultural Research Organization
Capacity Building: Insights from an Expert

Anat Lowengart-Aycicegi, Agro-Ecology and Field Crops Division Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Adaptation to Climate Change and Knowledge Sharing – A Time Perspective