Program

 
 

Resilience of desert societies

 

The workshop steering committee: Dr. Yoav Avni, Geological Survey of Israel, Dr. Noa Avriel-Avni, Dead Sea and Arava Science Center and Prof. Steve Rosen, BGU


The great challenges of living in arid and hyper-arid regions around the world are permanent shortage of water, limited food resources and inherent uncertainty regarding water availability, in terms of its quantity and spatial distribution. These challenges dictate the main weaknesses of desert societies that, according to the existing paradigm, are prone to suffer from a permanent risk of collapse. However, in the Middle East deserts, human societies are known since prehistoric times traversing the entire hyper-dry Holocene. This fact suggests that the simple common paradigm ascribing high vulnerability to desert societies needs to be re-examined.

This session is dedicated to papers focused on various aspects of social – ecological resilience of desert societies from short and long-term records. We invite contributions from different disciplines: geomorphology, ecology, archeology, sociology, education and more which (i) introduce new data and techniques to quantify and compare components of socio-ecological resilience in various datasets; (ii) identify patterns (in time/ space) of drivers (biotic, abiotic, social) of stability and resilience; (iii) test key assumptions and predictions of social-ecological resilience theory.


The goals of the workshop are formulated as following:

  1. To better understand desert environments, their environmental changes and their relations to arid land societies. To attain better insights into both arid environments impacts on humans and vice versa.
  2. To elaborate on the processes of adaptation of desert societies to divers desert environments. To evaluate their resilience versus their vulnerability related to their interaction with neighboring sedentary societies, especially in the exchange of goods, technologies, and ideas in diverse case studies from different desert regions.
  3. To formulate the new concept of "resilience and collapse", accurately and richly, in the context of human societies in drylands.
  4. To develop insights into future adaptations to desert conditions. What contemporary societies can learn from societies living in arid lands?

 
 

Conveners: Dr. Yoav Avni, Geological Survey of Israel and Dr. Noa Avriel-Avni, Dead Sea and Arava Science Center.

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Please read or view the presentations in the conference program, before the session begins. In the session itself there will be only short presentations that will present the main points.

The goals of the workshop are formulated as following:

  1. To better understand desert environments, their environmental changes and their relations to arid land societies. To attain better insights into both arid environments impacts on humans and vice versa.
  2. To elaborate on the processes of adaptation of desert societies to divers desert environments. To evaluate their resilience versus their vulnerability related to their interaction with neighboring sedentary societies, especially in the exchange of goods, technologies, and ideas in diverse case studies from different desert regions.
  3. To formulate the new concept of "resilience and collapse" accurately and richly, in the context of human societies in drylands.
  4. To develop insights into future adaptations to desert conditions. What contemporary societies can learn from societies living in arid lands?

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Desert environments, environmental changes and their relationship to the vulnerability and resilience of arid land societies


Coordinator: Gideon Avni

Respondents: Steven A Rosen, Avinoam Meir


 
 
 

 
 
 

Conveners: Dr. Yoav Avni, Geological Survey of Israel and Dr. Noa Avriel-Avni, Dead Sea and Arava Science Center.

.

Please read or view the presentations in the conference program, before the session begins. In the session itself there will be only short presentations that will present the main points..

The goals of the workshop are formulated as following:

  1. To better understand desert environments, their environmental changes and their relations to arid land societies. To attain better insights into both arid environments impacts on humans and vice versa.
  2. To elaborate on the processes of adaptation of desert societies to divers desert environments. To evaluate their resilience versus their vulnerability related to their interaction with neighboring sedentary societies, especially in the exchange of goods, technologies, and ideas in diverse case studies from different desert regions.
  3. To formulate the new concept of "resilience and collapse" accurately and richly, in the context of human societies in drylands.
  4. To develop insights into future adaptations to desert conditions. What contemporary societies can learn from societies living in arid lands?

____________________

Adaptation of desert societies and their interaction with nearby sedentary societies

Coordinator: Gideon Shelach-Lavi

Respondents: Arlene Rosen, Calogero M. Santoro


 
 
 

 
 
 

Conveners: Dr. Yoav Avni, Geological Survey of Israel and Dr. Noa Avriel-Avni, Dead Sea and Arava Science Center.

.

Please read or view the presentations in the conference program, before the session begins. In the session itself there will be only short presentations that will present the main points.

The goals of the workshop are formulated as following:

  1. To better understand desert environments, their environmental changes and their relations to arid land societies. To attain better insights into both arid environments impacts on humans and vice versa.
  2. To elaborate on the processes of adaptation of desert societies to divers desert environments. To evaluate their resilience versus their vulnerability related to their interaction with neighboring sedentary societies, especially in the exchange of goods, technologies, and ideas in diverse case studies from different desert regions.
  3. To formulate the new concept of "resilience and collapse" accurately and richly, in the context of human societies in drylands.
  4. To develop insights into future adaptations to desert conditions. What contemporary societies can learn from societies living in arid lands?

________________

Formulation of the new concept of "resilience and collapse" of desert societies and developing insights into future adaptations to human societies in a warming world: what can modern societies learn from societies living in arid lands?


Coordinator: Steven A Rosen

Respondents: Gideon Shelach-Lavi, Yoav Avni